Immigration and Its Effect On Globalization

Immigration to America

Immigration to America

Immigration is something that many people wanted or need based from their economic status. Moneyed people emigrate and settle to more developed countries to enjoy the amenities that their host countries offer while generally the common people immigrate because they are looking for jobs better than their countries could give them.

Any country can be anyone’s choice to settle on while certain countries can be the favorite destination of some groups of people. For instance, the U.S.A. is an attractive destination as it offers a lot of opportunities but unfortunately attracting illegal immigrants coming from Mexico and its neighboring countries. Because the U.S. seems to be the most developed and democratic country in the world, immigration to America becomes common as the rich and working people prefer this country over other developed European countries like the UK, Germany, Spain and Italy which are also hotspots for immigrants coming from Asia.

What Is It About Immigration? 

Immigration is now actually part of our economic subsistence. It is also a crucial element needed for our mutual exchange of benefits between nations. The host countries take the immigrants in while the immigrants give something in return in the form of labor service. As we see, every country in this world can always depend on the skills that other people from other countries possesses while these foreigners are properly accounted for.

In the U.S., most people don’t like illegal immigrants around. However, it was found out that a lot of these immigrants have skills that can help American economy prosper. On the other hand, illegal immigration is still illegal in its pure state. So to end illegal immigration from extending its arm, the American Senate devised the Comprehensive Immigration Reform bill so that millions of undocumented immigrants could become legal citizens of America and can legally contribute their services to help the ailing American economy rise up again.

Why So Many People Want to Immigrate? 

Why so many people want to immigrate is a question that can raise hundreds of answers. However, the main reasons for immigrations are due to the availability of job opportunities and the stimulating life that host countries can provide. Nevertheless, the continuous movements of people produce ripples and affect globalization. Globalization is defined as the processes that involve the exchange of national and cultural resources between countries and these include products, people’s skills, information and other things that are worthy of worldwide exchange and commercialization.

Immigration can basically affect globalization because the ones involved here are actually people and there are a lot of skilled and highly-educated immigrants that use their skills to drive industries worldwide. In this situation, there could be the gains and losses of immigration to host and home countries as well as the effect to the world’s economy. Here are some of it.

Effects of Immigration in Global Scale

Positive Effects

    • Host countries can gain from their temporary immigrant worker programs. Like the U.S., it plans to hire immigrants under temporary work programs which is one way of preventing illegal immigration. It can also provide more opportunities for companies to branch out and produce more jobs both for the immigrants and local populations.
    • Remittances are great help to immigrants’ families while the immigrants’ host and home countries gain economic advantage. According to World Bank, in 2012 around $529 billion remittances were transacted worldwide by immigrants living mostly in industrialized nations. And this year (2013) alone around $401 billion were already remitted to the developing nations. These value account to only 50% of the total actual value of worldwide remittances as these are sent thru formal channels. So literally, remittances provide the most positive effect in terms of globalization.
    • Host countries are taking in migrant workers to fill low-wage jobs which the locals usually avoided. This usually happens in agricultural and service sectors wherein many host countries like the U.S., Australia and Canada hire immigrants or even accept them as legal citizens to take over jobs that local working populations would not take.
    • The more immigrants living in certain countries, the better trades these countries have. Whenever we may find many immigrants staying in one nation, this indicates that the economy of this nation is still healthy. Jobs are what the immigrants are after so the more jobs, the more people from all over the world will be attracted to.
    • Countries that have low and aging population benefit from immigrants thru their services. There are a lot of countries today which populations are already dropping down while their workforces are fast reaching their retirement ages. This can be alarming and this is happening right now in Japan, Canada and Australia. But since these countries have now open access to cheap labor market, the future of their populations are getting more secured while their already aged populations do find solace with caregivers coming from Asian countries.

Negative Effects

    • Host countries that can be affected by worldwide economic downturn may suffer economically. Though there is the positive effect of gathering labor support from immigrants, countries that took on a lot of immigrants can suffer economically when affected by recession. This is because immigrants will normally compete for jobs while they will demand equal benefits like housing privileges and medical services. When these are not met by the government, discrimination and human rights issues may arise.
    • Developing nations may suffer from “brain drain”. Normally, when highly-skilled and educated people can’t get over their hardships in their own countries they will find jobs abroad and take their families after. In this manner, lots of capable people are getting out while their countries have to settle with inexperienced young workers.
    • Immigration can increase the size of low-income earners. This is already being felt in other developed countries such as in America. Low-income earners are feeling the strain because accordingly immigrants would often take jobs with wages way below the minimum level. Especially illegal immigrants, these are always hungry for jobs notwithstanding low wages.
    • Unskilled immigrants will still demand the services of their host countries. Not all immigrants possess the skills that the host countries can exploit. There are a lot of undocumented immigrants that illegally enter countries but then demand the same social services from the government once they settle there for many years.

Basically, immigrants are the ones that make globalization to happen so quickly. With the evolving of free market trades, more and more countries are needing more immigrants for extra support. So incidentally, the movements of people also enforce more movements of products and services and these provide the fuel that enhances our world’s economy. In effect, the positive results with immigration in terms of globalization outnumber the negative impacts so in this case, immigration can still be considered a life force that gives hope to all nations.